Piles or haemorrhoids are swellings that occur on the lining of the lower rectum and anus. They are classified into four different grades. These are:
Grade 1 – Grade 1 piles are small swellings that develop on the inside lining of the rectum, and cannot be felt or seen from outside the anal opening.
Grade 2 – Grade 2 piles are larger and may be pushed out from the anal opening by stool.
Grade 3 – Grade 3 piles are small, soft lumps that hang out of the anal opening, but can be pushed back inside.
Grade 4 – Grade 4 piles are large lumps that develop from within the rectum, but permanently hang out of the anus.
There are also external piles that develop on the outside edge of the anal opening.
The symptoms for piles can vary. Small piles (Grade 1 & 2) are usually painless. But bleeding may occur, especially while going to the toilet. Larger piles (Grade 3 & 4) can be painful. Mucous discharge, irritation and itching may also occur.
The exact cause of piles is not known. However, there are several risk factors that are known to increase chances of the occurrence of this condition. They include:
4. Hereditary factors
Constipation is considered to be one of the main causes of piles. So the treatment for piles, especially Grade 1 & 2 revolves around dealing with constipation. To minimise the symptoms of Grade 1 or Grade 2 piles, you should eat plenty of fibre to avoid constipation. Having lots of drinks will also help to soften stool and make it pass easily through the anus. In addition, you should avoid straining while going to the toilet. Grade 3 and 4 piles may require banding or other surgical procedures to completely cure them.
Aside from the above-mentioned treatment measures, using creams, ointments and suppositories can help treat symptoms of all forms of piles. One of the most popular topical medications for piles is Anusol. It comes in the three types of application.
Anusol cream, Anusol ointment and Anusol suppositories. Each of the products from the Anusol range is highly effective in easing the symptoms of piles, including pain and swelling. It also contains an emollient that helps to protect sore skin, and an antiseptic to minimise the risk of infection.